Academy of Finland  
Funding decision
Organisation University of Oulu
Project title Towards carbon neutral steelmaking; researching biocoke and pellets with hydrogen in atmosphere
Applicant / Contact person Hietava (os. Heikkilä), Anne
Decision No. 342962
Decision date 03.06.2021
Funding period 01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024
Funding 238 900
Project description
Steelmaking industry plays a central role in the development of modern society. Steel is a material with unique properties with limits yet to be found. The amount of steel produced is increasing rapidly and 1.87 billion tonnes of steel was produced worldwide in the year 2019. During the same year, 72% of steel was produced by a combination of blast furnace (BF) ironmaking and blast oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking. Since blast furnace steelmaking route is largely coal-based, the steelmaking industry is responsible for 7 % of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The CO2 emissions can be reduced by increasing the hydrogen content in the blast furnace gas and by partially replacing fossil-based carbon with renewable carbon from biomass. This present research is conducted in order to see the effects these changes have on biocoke and iron bearing materials in order to move towards a carbon neutral Finland.