Academy of Finland  
Funding decision
Applicant / Contact person Ekholm, Tommi
Organisation Finnish Meteorological Institute
Project title Sustainable Climate Change mitigation strategies in Energy-Land-Material Systems (SuCCESs)
Decision No. 341311
Decision date 19.01.2021
Funding period 01.02.2021 - 30.11.2024
Funding 566 120
Project description
Current understanding of how global energy, land use, and materials systems ought to be transformed to limit warming to 2°C is shaped by Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs). IAMs jointly depict the global economy and the climate system and enable the optimization of climate policy. Several current IAMs describe the energy system in detail but do not sufficiently account for its links with land-use and materials systems. Hence, mitigation strategies derived using these models may not be attainable (if material constraints of transforming the energy system are violated), cost-effective (if land ecosystems’ carbon sequestration potential is not fully accounted for), or sustainable (if mitigation measures violate other planetary boundaries, e.g., push deforestation beyond a tolerable threshold). We examine how modelling the energy-land-materials system in detail changes the global mitigation strategy, and how following this strategy affects the land use and energy sectors in Finland.