Finlands Akademi  
Sökande / Kontakt person Sajantila, Antti
Organisation Helsingfors universitet
Projektets titel Levänluhta and Käldamäki water burials – will molecules and isotopes solve an Iron Age mystery?
Beslutnr 332982
Beslutsdatum 27.05.2020
Finansierings period 01.09.2020 - 31.08.2024
Finansiering 500 908
Beskrivning av projektet
Levänluhta, in Ostrobothnia, South-West Finland, is one of the longest studied archaeological sites in Finland. Together with the nearby Käldamäki site, it is among the most intriguing Iron Age mysteries in Northern Europe. Both sites comprise unburnt human and animal remains, fragmented and scattered within a wetland, starkly contrasting with the burial heritage of its time. Recent ancient DNA (aDNA) studies suggested a relatedness between the Levänluhta people and the present-day Sámi. However, the interpretation relied on a study of merely four individuals out of the ~100 human individuals awaiting for molecular analysis in the wetlands. So far, the other marshy graveyard, Käldamäki, has undergone no aDNA research at all. We aim to conceive the origin of the Levänluhta and Käldamäki peoples and to investigate their subsistence and infection status by analyzing their stable isotopes, and virus bio-portfolio, respectively. We also revisit their use as burials by radiocarbon dating.