Academy of Finland  
Funding decision
Applicant / Contact person Vihma, Timo
Organisation Finnish Meteorological Institute
Project title Arctic Forcing on European weather and climate (AFEC)
Decision No. 317999
Decision date 18.06.2018
Funding period 01.09.2018 - 31.08.2022
Funding 496 794
Project description
The project addresses Arctic effects on European weather and climate. Climate warming in the Arctic has been strong and rapid, and its potential effects on weather and climate in North America and East Asian have received a lot of scientific and public attention. Potential effects on Europe have remained less clear. The project addresses direct and indirect effects. The direct ones are related to Arctic cold-air outbreaks reaching Europe. Such cases are, however, not common, as cold spells in Europe are mostly related to air-ass transported from the east. The indirect effects are related to Arctic forcing on large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns in mid-latitudes, which further affect the Europe. Such patterns include the Polar front jet stream, North Atlantic Oscillation, as well as the high-pressure patterns over Urals, Siberia and Greenland. The project addresses these effects on the basis of data analyses and experiments applying weather and climate models.