Academy of Finland
Funding decision
Applicant / Contact person Mäkinen, Virpi
Organisation University of Helsinki
Project title
At the Frontiers of Humanity: Extreme Necessity in the History of Ethics, Law, and Politics, 300–1600
Decision No. 330872
Decision date 28.05.2020
Funding period 01.09.2020 - 31.08.2024
Funding 480 000
WebFOCUS Report
Project description
The project investigates the principle of extreme necessity ("necessity does not know law") in ethical, legal and political history from the fourth century to the seventeenth century. The main focus is in the moral psychological and theological underpinnings of the principle, which have not garnered sufficient attention in previous research. The project will also pay attention to the development and interpretation of the principle from late Antiquity to early modern era as well as its political consequences. The project shows that the discussion on extreme necessity influenced on the development of individual and social rights, especially on the right of subsistence. This, in turn, have significance for today's debates on human rights, human dignity and the quality of life at the frontiers of humanity.